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Flying Safely: Basic Rules for Navigating the Air

Navigating the skies is exhilarating, but it comes with a hefty responsibility – adhering to the “Rules of the Air.” These rules, outlined in Australia's Civil Aviation Safety Regulations (CASR) and Civil Aviation Orders (CAOs), are crucial for safe flight operations.

Here's a simplified breakdown of some essential rules every pilot must know:

  • Right of Way: Aircraft on the right have priority during a potential collision course.

  • Altitude: Lower-flying aircraft yield to higher-flying ones.

  • Overtaking: Maintain a safe distance and avoid wake turbulence when overtaking.

  • Traffic Patterns: Yield to aircraft already in the pattern when joining or leaving.

  • Airspace Classification: Different rules apply to different airspace categories.

  • Speed Limits: Respect maximum speed limits for your airspace.

  • Navigation Lights: Illuminate navigation lights during low visibility or night flights.

  • Radio Communication: Use correct frequencies and communication protocols.

Certain aircraft have priority over others:

  • Gliders, balloons, and airships have right-of-way over powered aircraft.

  • Aircraft in distress always have priority.

Understanding and following these rules is paramount for safe and smooth flight operations.

Aircraft Seperation Minimums
Seperation Minimums

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